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CE認證 CE Certificate
    

   歐洲合格認證規定大部分在歐洲經濟區(EEA)銷售的產品,都需要印上CE標誌。該標誌代表產品製造商或服務提供者確保產品符合相應的歐洲聯盟指令、且已完成相應的評估程式。相關歐盟指令包括玩具安全、機械工具等指令。現時約有25條指令要求產品印上CE標誌。
自其1995年出現以來,CE標誌始終象徵著產品——無論其在世界何處生產——對歐盟法律的遵守,且允許該產品在歐洲經濟區的自由流通。CE標誌被計畫作為市場監管措施且具有執行威信力。
   CE標誌表示產品符合歐盟委員會的所有相關指令。例如:大多電子產品必須遵從低電壓指令和電磁相容性指令;電子玩具須要額外遵從玩具安全性指令。CE標誌並不表明產品由歐洲經濟區生產。生產商對商品加上CE標誌表明該產品遵從歐盟委員會的所有相關要求(例如對安全、健康、環保等方面的相關指令),且已被協力廠商指定機構所驗證。
    並不是所有在歐洲經濟區進行交易的商品都需要CE標誌。僅僅那些處於相關指令的下屬分類的商品需要(且被承認)進行CE認證。大多數標有CE標誌的產品僅僅可以擺放在由製造商掌控的內部銷售市場中,而沒有依據歐盟法律進行獨立的產品一致性檢驗。ANEC提出警告說:消費者不可將CE標誌當作安全認證。
CE標誌是一個自我認證方案。零售商經常宣傳產品擁有CE保障,但是這個標誌實際上並不表示具有保障。不同類型的產品需要經過相應協力廠商機構的不同類型的測試,但是CE標誌本身並不表示產品經過了這些測試。
歐盟產品必須印上CE標誌以示符合健康或安全指令。有關產品在取得認證檔後才可印上CE標誌。通常製造商、代理或進口商經過內部設立的產品檢測部門檢測,或會邀請外部的驗證機構測試產品,通過測試便會發出EC-符合證明書(EC-DoC),標示出所符合的指令等資料。


   The CE mark, or formerly EC mark, is a mandatory conformity marking for certain products sold within theEuropean Economic Area (EEA) since 1985.The CE marking is also found on products sold outside the EEAthat are manufactured in, or designed to be sold in, the EEA. This makes the CE marking recognizable worldwide even to people who are not familiar with the European Economic Area. It is in that sense similar to the FCC Declaration of Conformity used on certain electronic devices sold in the United States.
    It consists of the CE logo and, if applicable, the four digit identification number of the notified body involved in the conformity assessment procedure.
The CE marking is the manufacturer's declaration that the product meets the requirements of the applicable EC directives.
The actual words signified by "CE" have been disputed. It is often taken to be an abbreviation of Conformité Européenne, meaning "European Conformity".However, "CE" originally stood for "Communauté Européenne", French for "European Community". In former German legislation, the CE marking was called "EG-Zeichen" meaning "European Community mark". The CE marking is a symbol of free marketability in the European Economic Area (Internal Market).
    Existing in its present form since 1995, the CE marking indicates the compliance with EU legislation of a product, wherever in the world manufactured, and enables its free movement within the European market. By affixing the CE marking on a product, a manufacturer is declaring, at its sole responsibility, conformity with all of the legal requirements to achieve CE marking which allows free movement and sale of the product throughout the European Economic Area. CE marking is intended for national market surveillance and enforcement authorities.
   CE marking signifies that the product conforms with all EC directives that apply to it. For example, most electrical products must comply with theLow Voltage Directive and the EMC Directive; electrical toys must also comply with the Toy Safety Directive. The marking does not indicate EEA   manufacture.The manufacturer of CE-marked goods has verified that the product complies with all applicable EC requirements, such as safety, health, and environmental protection, and, if stipulated in any directive, has had them examined by a notified conformity assessment body.
   Not all products need CE marking to be traded in the EC; only product categories subject to relevant directives are required (and allowed) to bear CE marking. Most CE-marked products can be placed on the market subject only to an internal production control by the manufacturer (Module A; seeSelf-certification, below), with no independent check of the conformity of the product with EU legislationANEC has cautioned that, amongst other things, CE marking cannot be considered a "safety mark" for consumers.
   CE marking is a self-certification scheme. Retailers sometimes refer to products as "CE approved", but the mark does not actually signify approval. Certain categories of products require type-testing by an independent body to ensure conformity with relevant technical standards, but CE-marking in itself does not certify that this has been done.
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